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B.Sc. in Earth Sciences, Specialization (4 yr degree)

Total: 120 credits (with a minimum of 66 credits of GEOL courses plus 27 credits of foundation science plus electives)*

* B.Sc. students are required to take at least 12 cr from outside the Faculty of Science and Engineering. No more than 72 cr can be taken from any one subject area.

The four-year B.Sc. in Earth Sciences is designed to meet the minimum knowledge (academic) requirements for registration as a professional geologist (P.Geo.) with the Association of Professional Geoscientists of Ontario (APGO).

 

1st year

  • CHMI 1006 - General Chemistry I
  • CHMI 1007 - General Chemistry II
  • GEOL 1006 - Introductory Geology I
  • GEOL 1007 - Introductory Geology II
  • MATH 1036 - Calculus I
  • PHYS 1006 - Introductory Physics I or PHYS 1206 - Physics for the Life Sciences I
  • PHYS 1007 - Introductory Physics II or PHYS 1207 - Physics for the Life Sciences II

+ electives (9 cr) (6 cr of foundation science* and 3 cr of Arts are recommended)

* A foundation science is a course in biology, chemistry, computer programming, mathematics, physics or statistics at the first year level or higher (remedial secondary school level or transitional courses will not be accepted for credit).

 

2nd year

  • GEOL 2006 - Field Geology I
  • GEOL 2126 - Mineralogy I
  • GEOL 2127 - Optical Mineralogy
  • GEOL 2237 - Sedimentary, Igneous & Metamorphic Rocks
  • GEOL 2406 - Paleobiology I
  • GEOL 2807 - Geochemistry I
  • STAT 2246 - Statistics for Sciences

+ electives (9 cr) (3 cr of foundation science and 6 cr of Arts are recommended)*

* CHMI 2526 is strongly recommended for students focusing on mineral exploration, igneous or metamorphic petrology, geochemistry or mineralogy.

 

3rd year

  • GEOL 3006 - Field Geology II
  • GEOL 3206 - Igneous Petrology
  • GEOL 3207 - Metamorphic Petrology
  • GEOL 3217 - Sedimentology and Stratigraphy
  • GEOL 3306 - Structural Geology
  • GEOL 3607 - Ore Deposits & Their Geological Environment
  • GEOL 3807 - Geochemistry II

+ electives* (9 cr) (3 cr of Arts are recommended; GEOL 3056 - Computer Applications in the Geosciences or GEOG 3056 - GIS Application is recommended)

 

4th year

  • GEOL 4506 - Tectonics, Petrogenesis and Metallogenesis

+ 9 credits from:

  • GEOL 4016 - Precambrian Geology
  • GEOL 4026 - Field Geology III
  • GEOL 4127 - Advanced Mineralogy
  • GEOL 4206 - Advanced Igneous Petrology
  • GEOL 4307 - Polyphase Metamorphism & Deformation
  • GEOL 4607 - Ore-Forming Processes

+ 6 credits from:

  • GEOL 4217 - Carbonate Sedimentology
  • GEOL 4226 - Pleistocene & Glacial Geology
  • GEOL 4956 - Geophysics

+ electives* (12 cr)

* Up to 6 credits may be GEOL 4005 - Thesis or two 3-credit GEOL courses not already taken above or from the additional Geoscience course list below. Students must ensure their overall degree requirements are met.

 

Additional geoscience courses eligible for APGO credit: *

  • BIOL 4076 - Ecosystem Ecology
  • CHMI 3326 - Aquatic Chemistry
  • CHMI 4197 - Environmental Analytical Chemistry
  • ENSC 3716 - Environmental Impact Assessment
  • GEOG 2037 - Introduction to Remote Sensing
  • GEOG 2126 - Climatology I
  • GEOG 3036 - Air Photo Interpretation
  • GEOG 3056 - GIS Application
  • GEOL 2066 - Near-surface Geophysical Methods
  • GEOL 3056 - Computer Applications in the Geosciences
  • GEOL 3397 - Introductory Soil Science
  • GEOL 3417 - Oceanography
  • GEOL 4005 - Thesis (6cr)
  • GEOL 4037 - Applied Remote Sensing
  • GEOL 4706 - Hydrogeology
  • GEOL 4406 - Quaternary Paleoenvironmental Reconstruction
  • GEOL 4416 - Global Change - The Geologic Record
  • GEOL 3146 - Physics of the Earth
  • GEOL 4946 - Seismic Methods                                                                                                                                 

* Courses may have prerequisites not listed here.

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