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Structure and Tectonics

Our research requires extensive regional to outcrop-scale mapping to understand the structural evolution of the crust and the control of structures on ore deposit formation.

Structural geology is probably the most field-work intensive branch of geology that requires plenty of boot-on-the-ground work. This type of research requires extensive regional to outcrop-scale mapping during which we draw maps and sketches, describe, measure and interpret the observed structural elements. The structural measurements are generally presented on both maps and stereonet plots.

Our research activities focus on the structural evolution of ore deposits and the hosting terrains. Ore deposits are always controlled by structures, although the role and importance of these structural elements vary among the different deposit types. Understanding the structural control of ore bodies is crucial because such knowledge facilitates the discovery of new resources and new ore deposits. Large, regional-scale structural studies aim to understand the tectonic processes driving ore-forming processes and contribute to the understanding of the assembly and disintegration of geological provinces. 

Our studies span geographically across Canada, and include research projects in the structurally complex greenstone belts of the Paleoproterozoic Flin Flon belt, and the Archean Superior and Rae Provinces. Other graduate students study the Proterozoic Southern Province, the Sudbury impact structure and the Thelon basin.



  • Bruno Lafrance
    Dr. Bruno Lafrance
    Associate Director Research Metal Earth, Professor

    Research Interests: Field structural geology Structural controls on gold mineralization Microstructural and textural analysis of deformed rocks

  • Jeremy P. Richards
    Jeremy P. Richards
    Canada Research Chair in Metallogeny

    Jeremy Richards joined Laurentian University in 2017. His research focuses on regional tectonomagmatic controls on the formation of ore deposits, with a current emphasis on porphyry copper and epithermal gold deposits in the Middle East to China, and North and South America. He also has a research interest in the socioeconomic impacts of mining on local communities and nations.

  • Douglas Tinkham
    Douglas K. Tinkham
    Director, Harquail School of Earth Sciences

    Dr. Tinkham arrived at Laurentian in 2005. His research is in the broad field of metamorphic geology, where he specializes in the application of thermodynamic calculations to investigate metamorphic processes and the pressure-temperature-composition evolution of rocks during metamorphism. This work is applied to rocks to decipher zoning and modification of metamorphosed hydrothermal alteration zones associated with ore deposits, metal mobility during metamorphism, partial melting of high-grade metamorphic rocks, and orogenic processes.

  • Perrouty
    Stéphane Perrouty
    Assistant Professor

    Joining Laurentian University in January 2018 as assistant professor of Precambrian Geology, Stephane's multidisciplinary research involves structural geology, mineralogy, lithogeochemistry, applied geophysics, and three-dimensional modeling to understand tectonic processes associated with Precambrian ore deposits. Field geology is a key component of his research and he is currently participating to large collaborative projects in Canada and West-Africa. Starting in Winter 2018, he is teaching the course GEOL 4016 titled Precambrian Geology.



Post Doctoral Fellows



PhD Candidates

  • Evan Hastie
    Evan Hastie
    PhD candidate in Mineral Deposits and Precambrian Geology

    FROM: Hanover, Ontario GRADUATED FROM: University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario (BSc and MSc) CURRENT RESEARCH: Gold Metallogeny of the Southern Swayze Greenstone Belt, Abitibi Subprovince SUPERVISORS: Dr. Bruno Lafrance / Dr. Daniel Kontak

  • Kate Rubingh
    Kate Rubingh
    PhD candidate in Mineral Deposits and Precambrian Geology

  • Margaret Stewart
    Margaret Stewart
    PhD candidate in Mineral Deposits and Precambrian Geology

    FROM: Ottawa, Ontario GRADUATED FROM: Carleton University (BSc) CURRENT RESEARCH: The volcanic and deformation history, geodynamic setting, and metallogenesis of the Upper Chisel Sequence, Snow Lake, Manitoba, Canada SUPERVISORS: Dr. Harold Gibson/Dr. Bruno Lafrance

  • Zsuzsanna Tóth
    Zsuzsanna Toth
    PhD candidate in Mineral Deposits and Precambrian Geology

    PhD candidate working on the geology of the Hardrock world-class orogenic gold deposit, Geraldton, ON.



MSc Students

  • Christopher Kelly
    Christopher Kelly
    MSc candidate Geology

    My project is focused on characterizing the geochemistry and alteration present at the Archean Hislop and Grey Fox gold deposits in Matheson, Ontario, under the supervision of Dan Kontak and Bruno Lafrance. The goal of my project is to come up with a genetic model for gold emplacement at the two deposits and how they relate to each other and to other deposits in the Abitibi, as well as identify potential vectors towards mineralization.

  • William Thomas Ogilvie
    William Thomas Ogilvie
    MSc candidate Geology

    My current research is on brittle deformation and the associated hydrothermal mineralisation of gold and uranium in the southern Tantato Domain of northern, Saskatchewan. The project is supervised by Dr. Bruno Lafrance and Dr. Daniel Kontak.



935 Ramsey Lake Road
Sudbury, Ontario
P3E 2C6


+1 (705) 675-1151 ext 6575