Publication Type:Book Chapter
Source:TGI 4 - Intrusion Related Mineralisation Project: new vectors to buried porphyry-style mineralisation, Geological Survey of Canada, Volume Open File 7843, p.79-99 (2015)
The ca. 380 Ma South Mountain Batholith (SMB) of Nova Scotia is a large (ca. 7,300 km2), mesozonal granitoid intrusion that consists of 13 coalesced plutons of granodiorite to leucomonzogranitic composition which host a variety of mineralised zones (e.g., Sn-Zn-Cu-Ag, Mo, Mn-Fe-P, U, Cu-Ag). Given the hydrothermal nature of this mineralisation, it is expected that a fingerprint of the mineralizing fluids might be manifested both petrographically and by the chemistry of secondary, quartz-hosted fluid inclusions in the granites on a scale equal to or larger than the mineralised centres. In order to assess the potential of using the petrographic and chemical fingerprints as vector for exploration, a study integrating both these methods was investigated. The protocol involved in the study included the following: (1) completing a detailed petrographic study of hundreds of archived thin section samples that focused on the extent and degree of alteration that reflect fluid-rock interaction. The indices included: (i) type and abundance of perthite, (ii) chloritic alteration of biotite, (iii) plagioclase alteration, (iv) amount of secondary white mica, and (v) abundance of secondary fluid inclusions in quartz; and (2) determining the fluid chemistry of quartzhosted fluid inclusions in samples (n = 66) collected from the SMB. For this study, a detailed protocol was developed to address specific analytical considerations, including decrepitation temperature, oven versus stage heating, EDS calibration, EDS acquisition time, representative sampling and raster versus point mode of analysis. Thus, in this study, quartz chips were heated to 500ºC and a maximum of 16 mounds per sample were analysed (60 seconds) in raster mode, the latter to circumvent chemical variation related to elemental fractionation during mound formation. To date, the results indicate that the fluids from Phase 1 samples are dominated by a Na-F-Cl-Ca fluid. In contrast, fluids from Phase 2 samples are dominated by two fluid inclusion populations: a Na-K fluid and a F-Na-Cl-Ca fluid.