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Publication Type:

Journal Article


Canadian Journal of Earth SciencesCanadian Journal of Earth Sciences, Volume 46, Number 7, p.481-508 (2009)




The hanging wall to the Flin Flon, Callinan, and Triple 7 volcanogenic massive sulphide deposits of the Flin Flon district is composed of the Hidden and Louis formations. The contact between these formations is marked by mafic tuff that represents a hiatus in effusive volcanism. The formations form a composite volcanic edifice that was erupted and grew within a large, volcanic–tectonic subsidence structure (hosting the deposits) that developed within a rifted-arc environment. The formations are evidence of resurgent effusive volcanism and subsidence following a hiatus in volcanism marked by ore formation since they consist of dominantly basaltic flows, sills, and volcaniclastic rocks with subordinate basaltic andesite and rhyodacitic flows and volcaniclastic rocks. The Hidden formation is interpreted to represent a small shield volcano and the Louis formation a separate shield volcano that developed on its flank. Both the Hidden and Louis volcanic edifices were constructed by continuous, low-volume eruptions of pillow lava. A gradual change from a dominantly extensional environment during the formation of the footwall Flin Flon formation to a progressively more dominant convergent environment during the emplacement of the hanging wall suggests that the Hidden and Louis formations are unlikely to host significant volcanogenic massive sulphide-type mineralization. However, synvolcanic structures in the formations define structural corridors that project downwards into the footwall where they encompass massive sulphide mineralization, indicating their control on ore formation, longevity,and reactivation as magma and fluid pathways during the growth of the Hidden and Louis volcanoes.